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Introduction
A network can be defined as a group of computers and other devices connected in some ways so as to be able to exchange data.
-Each of the devices on the network can be thought of as a node; each node has a unique address.
-Addresses are numeric quantities that are easy for computers to work with, but not for humans to remember.
Example: 64.31.12.11
-Some networks also provide names that humans can more easily remember than numbers.
Example: www.cmscomputer.in, corresponding to the above numeric address.

Addressing
Internet address
Consists of 4 bytes separated by periods
Example: 136.102.233.49
-The R first bytes (R= 1,2,3) correspond to the network address;
-The remaining H bytes (H = 3,2,1) are used for the host machine.

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